Books of the Old Testament
- 39 books total
- 5 books
Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy
Historical Books - 12 books
Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings,
2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
- 5 books
Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon
Prophetic - 17 books
Major Prophets - Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel
Minor Prophets - Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum,
Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
- 5 books
- Creation, the Fall, the Flood, spread of the nations, Abraham, Isaac,
Jacob, and Joseph. Enslavement in Egypt.
- Enslavement, Moses, 10 plagues, Passover, Leave Egypt, Red Sea
Crossing, Mt. Sinai and the 10 commandments
- Instructions on sacrificial system and the priesthood. Instructions
on moral purity.
- Still at Mt. Sinai, people make false idol, punishment, 40 years
- Moses' discourses on God's Acts for Israel the Decalogue, the
ceremonial, civil, and social Laws, and covenant ratification.
- 12 books total
- First half of Joshua describes the 7 year conquest of the Land of
Promise. The last half deals with partitioning the Lands to the people.
- Time of Judges. Many were quite bad. The Israelites did not drive out
all the inhabitants of Canaan and begin to take part in their idolatry. 7 cycles of
foreign oppression, repentance, and deliverance. In the end, the people failed to learn
- Kinsman redeemer in Boaz, redeeming Ruth, a Moabitess. Speaks of
righteousness, love, and faithfulness to the Lord.
- Samuel carries them from judges to King Saul
- David as King, adultery, and murder.
- Solomon, Israel is powerful. Solomon dies in 931 B.C., then
division of tribes: 10 to the north and 2 to the south.
- The Divided Kingdom. All 19 kings of Israel were bad; therefore,
captivity in Assyria (722 B.C.). In Judah, 8 of 20 rulers were good but went into exile
- A recounting of the history of Israel to the time of the
- continued recounting of the life of Solomon, building of
temple. History of Judah only.
The Next 3 books deal with Israel's Restoration.
- Cyrus let the most of the Jews return to their land of Israel.
Zerubbabel led the people (539 B.C.). Ezra returned later with more Jews (458 B.C.) Built
- Building the walls of Jerusalem. Nehemiah got permission from the
king of Persia to rebuild the walls (444 B.C.). Revival in the land.
- Took place during chapters 6 and 7 of Ezra. Mordecai. Plot to kill the
- 5 books
- a righteous man tested by God. Deals with God's sovereignty.
- Consists of 5 divisions. Worship in song. Large variety of subjects
- Practical wisdom in everyday affairs.
- All is vanity. The wisdom of man is futility.
Song of Solomon
- A song between Solomon and his Shulammite bride displaying
the love between a man and a woman.
Prophetical - 17 books
Major Prophets -
- Looks at the sin of Judah and proclaims God's judgment. Hezekiah.
Coming restoration and blessing.
- Called by God to proclaim the news of judgment to Judah, which came.
God establishes a New Covenant.
- 5 lament poems. Description of defeat and fall of Jerusalem.
- He ministered to the Jews in Captivity in Babylon. Description of the
end of times.
- Many visions of the future for the Gentiles and the Jews.
Story of Hosea and his unfaithful wife, Gomer. Represents God's love
and faithfulness and Israel's spiritual adultery. Israel will be judged and restored.
Proclaims a terrifying future using the imagery of locusts. Judgment
will come but blessing will follow.
He warned Israel of its coming judgment. Israel rejects God's warning.
A proclamation against Edom, a neighboring nation of Israel that
gloated over Jerusalem's judgments. Prophecy of their utter destruction.
Jonah proclaims a coming judgment upon Nineveh. But they repented and
judgment was spared.
Description of the complete moral decay in all levels of Israel. God
will judge but will forgive and restore.
Nineveh has gone into apostasy (approx.. 125 years after Jonah) and
will be destroyed.
Near the end of the kingdom of Judah, Habakkuk asks God why He is
not dealing with Judah's sins. God says He will use the Babylonians. Habakkuk asks how God
can use a nation that is even worse than Judah.
The theme is developed of the Day of the Lord and His judgment with
a coming blessing. Judah will not repent, except for a remnant, who will be restored.
The people failed to put God first, by building their houses before
they finished God's temple. Therefore, they had no prosperity.
Zechariah encourages the Jews to complete the temple. Many
. - God's people are lax in their duty to God. Growing distant
from God. Moral compromise. Proclamation of coming judgment.